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【转】Oracle 11gR2 RAC 常用维护操作
2013年04月19日 Oracle ⁄ 共 17478字 【转】Oracle 11gR2 RAC 常用维护操作已关闭评论 ⁄ 被围观 3,947 views+

一.启动和停止集群

在Oracle 11gR2 下的RAC,架构发生了变化。CRS的信息也是放在ASM 实例里的,所以要关asm,必须关闭crs, 如果还使用了acfs的话,一关crs那么acfs里的信息也不能访问了,所以一般不重启机器,不轻易关crs, 其他的service可以根据自己的需要去stop/start。

 

注意:

11g RAC 开启资源相对比较慢(即使命令后面显示的资源都start succeeded,通过crs_stat -t查看都不一定online), 需要耐心并查看log。

 

在Oracle 11gR2 里引入了Oracle Restart的特性,其用来管理Cluster Resource。关于Oracle Restart,参考我的Blog:

Oracle 11g 新特性 -- Oracle Restart 说明

http://blog.csdn.net/tianlesoftware/article/details/8435670

 

1.1 使用crsctl stop has/crsctl stopcrs

用root用户,在Oracle11gR2中停止和启动集群的命令如下:

#crsctl stop has [-f]

#crsctl start has

 

注意:

对于crsctl stop has 只有一个可选的参数就是-f,该命令只能停执行该命令服务器上的HAS.而不能停所有节点上的。所以要把RAC 全部停掉,需要在所有节点执行该命令。

 

下面的2个命令:使用crs 和 使用has 效果是完全一样的:

#crsctl stop crs [-f]

#crsctl start crs

 

 

示例:

--停止HAS

[root@rac1 bin]# ./crsctl stop has

CRS-2791:Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on'rac1'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'

CRS-2790:Starting shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on 'rac1'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac1'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.OCRVOTING.dg' on 'rac1'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.sdd.db' on 'rac1'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac1'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.oc4j' on 'rac1'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.cvu' on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2672:Attempting to start 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac2'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2672:Attempting to start 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac2'

CRS-2676:Start of 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac2' succeeded

CRS-2676:Start of 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac2' succeeded

CRS-2672:Attempting to start 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac2'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.sdd.db' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac1'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.FRA.dg' on 'rac1'

CRS-2676:Start of 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac2' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.FRA.dg' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.oc4j' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2672:Attempting to start 'ora.oc4j' on 'rac2'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.cvu' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2672:Attempting to start 'ora.cvu' on 'rac2'

CRS-2676:Start of 'ora.cvu' on 'rac2' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.OCRVOTING.dg' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2676:Start of 'ora.oc4j' on 'rac2' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.ons' on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.ons' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.net1.network' on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.net1.network' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2792:Shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on 'rac1' has completed

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.crf' on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.crf' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stopof 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2793:Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'rac1' hascompleted

CRS-4133:Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.

[root@rac1bin]#

 

注意:

我这里测试的是Oracle11gR2的环境,我们在节点1上执行该命令,只把节点1上的进程停了,而把相关的资源转移到我们的节点2上了,因此也证实了我们上面的说的,该命令只争对当前服务器有效。

 

--启动HAS:

[root@rac1bin]# ./crsctl start has

CRS-4123:Oracle High Availability Services has been started.

[root@rac1bin]#

 

从上面看只是启动了HAS。实际上后面会把Oracle Restart 管理的资源都会启动。这个可以使用crs_stat命令来进程验证,不过Oracle 11g的进程启动过程比较慢,需要耐心等待。

 

[root@rac1u01]# sh crs_stat.sh

Name                           Target     State     Host

---------------------------------------- ---------  -------

ora.DATA.dg                    ONLINE     ONLINE    rac1

ora.FRA.dg                     ONLINE     ONLINE    rac1

ora.LISTENER.lsnr              ONLINE     ONLINE    rac1

ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr        ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.OCRVOTING.dg               ONLINE     ONLINE    rac1

ora.asm                        ONLINE     ONLINE    rac1

ora.cvu                        ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.gsd                        OFFLINE    OFFLINE

ora.net1.network               ONLINE     ONLINE    rac1

ora.oc4j                       ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.ons                        ONLINE     ONLINE    rac1

ora.rac1.ASM1.asm              ONLINE     ONLINE    rac1

ora.rac1.LISTENER_RAC1.lsnr    ONLINE    ONLINE     rac1

ora.rac1.gsd                   OFFLINE    OFFLINE

ora.rac1.ons                   ONLINE     ONLINE    rac1

ora.rac1.vip                   ONLINE     ONLINE    rac1

ora.rac2.ASM2.asm              ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.rac2.LISTENER_RAC2.lsnr    ONLINE    ONLINE     rac2

ora.rac2.gsd                   OFFLINE    OFFLINE

ora.rac2.ons                   ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.rac2.vip                   ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.scan1.vip                  ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.sdd.db                     ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

 

 

1.2 使用crsctl stop cluster [-all]…

该命令的语法如下:

crsctl stop cluster [[-all]|[-n<server>[...]]] [-f]

crsctl start cluster [[-all]|[-n<server>[...]]]

 

与1.1 节最大的不同,该参数支持的选项更多,可以同时操控所有的节点。如果不指定参数,那么只对当前节点有效。

 

如:

[root@rac1 ~]# ./crsctl start cluster -n rac1 rac2

 

--停止当前节点集群:

[root@rac1 bin]# ./crsctl stop cluster

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on'rac1'

CRS-2790: Starting shutdown of ClusterReady Services-managed resources on 'rac1'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac1'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop'ora.OCRVOTING.dg' on 'rac1'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.sdd.db'on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.rac1.vip'on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac2'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.sdd.db' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.DATA.dg'on 'rac1'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.FRA.dg'on 'rac1'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.rac1.vip' on 'rac2'succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.FRA.dg' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.OCRVOTING.dg' on'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ons' on'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ons' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop'ora.net1.network' on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.net1.network' on'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2792: Shutdown of Cluster ReadyServices-managed resources on 'rac1' has completed

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on'rac1'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.evmd' on'rac1'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stop of'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on'rac1'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'succeeded

[root@rac1 bin]#

 

这里只停了节点1,相关进程全飘到节点2了,如下:

[root@rac2 u01]# sh crs_stat.sh

Name                           Target     State     Host

------------------------------ -------------------  -------

ora.DATA.dg                    ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.FRA.dg                     ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.LISTENER.lsnr              ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr        ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.OCRVOTING.dg               ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.asm                        ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.cvu                        ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.gsd                        OFFLINE    OFFLINE

ora.net1.network               ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.oc4j                       ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.ons                        ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.rac1.ASM1.asm              ONLINE     OFFLINE

ora.rac1.LISTENER_RAC1.lsnr    ONLINE    OFFLINE

ora.rac1.gsd                   OFFLINE    OFFLINE

ora.rac1.ons                   ONLINE     OFFLINE

ora.rac1.vip                   ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.rac2.ASM2.asm              ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.rac2.LISTENER_RAC2.lsnr    ONLINE    ONLINE     rac2

ora.rac2.gsd                   OFFLINE    OFFLINE

ora.rac2.ons                   ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.rac2.vip                   ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.scan1.vip                  ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

ora.sdd.db                     ONLINE     ONLINE    rac2

 

--启用当前节点:

[root@rac1 bin]#./crsctl start cluster

CRS-2672: Attempting to start'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on'rac1'

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon'on 'rac1'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.ctssd'on 'rac1'

CRS-2672: Attempting to start'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.evmd' on'rac1'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.evmd' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2676: Start of'ora.cluster_interconnect.haip' on 'rac1' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on'rac1'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.crsd' on'rac1'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac1'succeeded

[root@rac1 bin]#

 

1.3 检查集群的状态

 

--简单的输出:

[root@rac1 bin]# ./crsctl check cluster

[root@rac1 bin]# ./crsctl check crs

 

--详细的信息:

# crs_stat -t

 

 

使用crsctl check crs命令,如下:

[root@rac1 bin]# ./crsctl check crs

CRS-4638: Oracle High Availability Servicesis online

CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online

CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Servicesis online

CRS-4533: Event Manager is online

 

[root@rac1 bin]# ./crsctl check cluster

CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online

CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Servicesis online

CRS-4533: Event Manager is online

 

二.停止和启动Resource

在第一节中,看到直接停止集群,相关的Resource 也会被停止。 但一些实际情况下,我们操作更多的是对某些资源的操作。具体就是使用SRVCTL 命令

 

1.1. 官网说明

SRVCTL Command Reference for Oracle Restart

http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E11882_01/server.112/e25494/restart005.htm

 

查看命令帮助:

Srvclt –h

 

这个命令显示的结果太长,不好查看,可以进一步的查看帮助:

 

--使用-h:

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl start -h

 

The SRVCTL start command starts, OracleClusterware enabled, non-running objects.

 

Usage: srvctl start database -d<db_unique_name> [-o <start_options>] [-n <node>]

Usage: srvctl start instance -d <db_unique_name>{-n <node_name> [-i <inst_name>] | -i <inst_name_list>} [-o<start_options>]

Usage: srvctl start service -d<db_unique_name> [-s "<service_name_list>" [-n<node_name> | -i <inst_name>] ] [-o <start_options>]

Usage: srvctl start nodeapps [-n <node_name>][-g] [-v]

Usage: srvctl start vip { -n<node_name> | -i <vip_name> } [-v]

Usage: srvctl start asm [-n<node_name>] [-o <start_options>]

Usage: srvctl start listener [-l<lsnr_name>] [-n <node_name>]

Usage: srvctl start scan [-i<ordinal_number>] [-n <node_name>]

Usage: srvctl start scan_listener [-n<node_name>] [-i <ordinal_number>]

Usage: srvctl start oc4j [-v]

Usage: srvctl start home -o<oracle_home> -s <state_file> -n <node_name>

Usage: srvctl start filesystem -d<volume_device> [-n <node_name>]

Usage: srvctl start diskgroup -g<dg_name> [-n "<node_list>"]

Usage: srvctl start gns [-l<log_level>] [-n <node_name>] [-v]

Usage: srvctl start cvu [-n<node_name>]

For detailed help on each command andobject and its options use:

srvctl <command> <object> -h

 

--或者命令不敲全:

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl database

Usage: srvctl <command><object> [<options>]

commands:enable|disable|start|stop|relocate|status|add|remove|modify|getenv|setenv|unsetenv|config|convert|upgrade

objects: database|instance|service|nodeapps|vip|network|asm|diskgroup|listener|srvpool|server|scan|scan_listener|oc4j|home|filesystem|gns|cvu

For detailed help on each command andobject and its options use:

srvctl <command> -h or

srvctl <command> <object> -h

 

1.2 示例

1.2.1 检查集群状态

[grid@rac1 ~]$ crsctl check cluster

CRS-4537: Cluster Ready Services is online

CRS-4529: Cluster Synchronization Servicesis online

CRS-4533: Event Manager is online

 

1.2.2 所有Oracle实例(数据库状态)

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status database -d sdd

Instance sdd1 is running on node rac1

Instance sdd2 is running on node rac2

 

1.2.3 检查单个实例状态

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status instance -dsdd -i sdd1

Instance sdd1 is running on node rac1

[grid@rac1 ~]$

 

1.2.4节点应用程序状态

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status nodeapps

VIP rac1-vip is enabled

VIP rac1-vip is running on node: rac1

VIP rac2-vip is enabled

VIP rac2-vip is running on node: rac2

Network is enabled

Network is running on node: rac1

Network is running on node: rac2

GSD is disabled

GSD is not running on node: rac1

GSD is not running on node: rac2

ONS is enabled

ONS daemon is running on node: rac1

ONS daemon is running on node: rac2

 

 

1.2.5 列出所有的配置数据库

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config database

sdd

 

1.2.6 数据库配置

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config database -d sdd -a

Database unique name: sdd

Database name: sdd

Oracle home: /u01/app/oracle/11.2.0/db_1

Oracle user: oracle

Spfile: +DATA/sdd/spfilesdd.ora

Domain:

Start options: open

Stop options: immediate

Database role: PRIMARY

Management policy: AUTOMATIC

Server pools: sdd

Database instances: sdd1,sdd2

Disk Groups: DATA,FRA

Mount point paths:

Services:

Type: RAC

Database is enabled

Database is administrator managed

 

1.2.7 ASM状态以及ASM配置

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status asm

ASM is running on rac2,rac1

 

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status asm -a

ASM is running on rac2,rac1

ASM is enabled.

 

1.2.8 TNS监听器状态以及配置

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status listener

Listener LISTENER is enabled

Listener LISTENER is running on node(s):rac2,rac1

 

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config listener -a

Name: LISTENER

Network: 1, Owner: grid

Home: <CRS home>

/u01/app/grid/11.2.0 on node(s) rac2,rac1

End points: TCP:1521

 

 

1.2.8 SCAN状态以及配置

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status scan

SCAN VIP scan1 is enabled

SCAN VIP scan1 is running on node rac1

 

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config scan

SCAN name: rac-scan, Network:1/192.168.16.0/255.255.255.0/eth0

SCAN VIP name: scan1, IP:/rac-scan/192.168.16.207

 

1.2.9 VIP各个节点的状态以及配置

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status vip -n rac1

VIP rac1-vip is enabled

VIP rac1-vip is running on node: rac1

 

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl status vip -n rac2

VIP rac2-vip is enabled

VIP rac2-vip is running on node: rac2

 

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config vip -n rac1

VIP exists: /rac1-vip/192.168.16.201/192.168.16.0/255.255.255.0/eth0,hosting node rac1

 

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config vip -n rac2

VIP exists:/rac2-vip/192.168.16.203/192.168.16.0/255.255.255.0/eth0, hosting node rac2

[grid@rac1 ~]$

 

1.2.10 节点应用程序配置(VIP、GSD、ONS、监听器)

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config nodeapps -a -g-s -l

Warning:-l option has been deprecated andwill be ignored.

Network exists:1/192.168.16.0/255.255.255.0/eth0, type static

VIP exists:/rac1-vip/192.168.16.201/192.168.16.0/255.255.255.0/eth0, hosting node rac1

VIP exists:/rac2-vip/192.168.16.203/192.168.16.0/255.255.255.0/eth0, hosting node rac2

GSD exists

ONS exists: Local port 6100, remote port6200, EM port 2016

Name: LISTENER

Network: 1, Owner: grid

Home: <CRS home>

/u01/app/grid/11.2.0 on node(s) rac2,rac1

End points: TCP:1521

 

1.3 语法简汇

1.3.1 数据库与实例

srvctl config database # 列出安装的数据库
srvctl config database -d rac -a # 检查数据库相关的信息
srvctlstatus database -d RAC # 检查数据库的状态
srvctl status instance -d RAC -i rac1 # 检查指定实例的状态

srvctl config asm -a # ASM配置
srvctl status asm # ASM的状态

srvctl start database -d rac # 启动数据库
srvctl stop database -d rac # 关闭数据库

srvctl start instance -d rac -i rac1 # 启动指定的实例
srvctl stop instance -d rac -i rac2 # 关闭指定实例

1.3.2 网络相关的命令

 

srvctl status listener # 检查TNS listener的状态
srvctl config scan # SCAN的配置
srvctl status scan # SCAN listener状态, 包含当前运行节点的信息

# 检查VIP的配置及状态
srvctl status vip -n rac1
srvctl config vip -n rac1

 

1.3.3 查看各资源状态(nodeapps节点应用程序,ASM实例,数据库等)

 

[root@db02 u01]# crs_stat -t

Name           Type           Target   State     Host

------------------------------------------------------------

ora.DATA.dg    ora....up.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

ora.FRA.dg     ora....up.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

ora....ER.lsnr ora....er.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

ora....N1.lsnr ora....er.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

ora....N2.lsnr ora....er.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

ora....N3.lsnr ora....er.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

ora.OCR.dg     ora....up.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

ora.asm       ora.asm.type   ONLINE   ONLINE    db02

ora....-01.vip ora....t1.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

ora....SM2.asm application    ONLINE   ONLINE    db02

ora....02.lsnr application    ONLINE   ONLINE    db02

ora....-02.gsd application    OFFLINE  OFFLINE

ora....-02.ons application    ONLINE   ONLINE    db02

ora....-02.vip ora....t1.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

ora.cvu        ora.cvu.type   ONLINE   ONLINE    db02

ora.gsd        ora.gsd.type   OFFLINE  OFFLINE

ora....network ora....rk.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

ora.oc4j       ora.oc4j.type  ONLINE   ONLINE    db02

ora.ons        ora.ons.type   ONLINE   ONLINE    db02

ora.orcl.db    ora....se.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

ora....taf.svc ora....ce.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

ora.scan1.vip  ora....ip.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

ora.scan2.vip  ora....ip.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

ora.scan3.vip  ora....ip.type ONLINE    ONLINE   db02

 

在11g R2中,默认 oc4j和gsd资源是 disable的;oc4j 是用于WLM 的一个资源, WLM在 11.2.0.2 才可用;gsd是 CRS 用于跟 9i RAC 进行通信的一个模块,是为了向后兼容才保留的,不影响性能;建议不要刪除, 也不要尝试开启他们, 忽略即可。

 

ora.gsd  is OFFLINE by default ifthere is no 9i database in the cluster.

ora.oc4j is OFFLINE in 11.2.0.1 as DatabaseWorkload Management(DBWLM) is unavailable.  these can be ignored in11gR2 RAC.

 

状态检查也可以使用如下命令:

crsctl stat resource –t

或者

crsctl stat resource

 

更多内容参考:

Oracle 11gR2RAC 进程说明

http://blog.csdn.net/tianlesoftware/article/details/6009962

 

1.3.4 综合

1、通过SRVCTL命令来start/stop/check所有的实例:

 srvctl start|stop|status database -d<db_name>

2、start/stop指定的实例:

srvctl start|stop|statusinstance -d <db_name> -i <instance_name>

3、列出当前RAC下所有的

 srvctl config database -d <db_name>

4、start/stop/check 所有的nodeapps,比如:VIP, GSD, listener, ONS:

 srvctl start|stop|status nodeapps -n<node_name>

 

5、如果你使用ASM,srvctl也可以start/stop ASM实例:

  srvctl start|stop asm -n <node_name>[-i <asm_inst_name>] [-o<oracle_home>]

6、可以获取所有的环境信息:

 srvctl getenv database -d <db_name> [-i<instance_name>]

7、设置全局环境和变量:

srvctl setenv database -d<db_name> -t LANG=en

8、从OCR中删除已有的数据库:

  srvctl remove database -d <db_name>

9、向OCR中添加一个数据库的实例:

 srvctl add instance -d <db_name> -i<instance_name> -n <node1>

 srvctl add instance -d <db_name> -i<instance_name> -n <node2>

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